QUINCE

QUINCE, name of both a tree, Cydonia oblonga, and its fruit. It is not mentioned in the Bible, but in rabbinic literature it is referred to under three names: ḥavush, parish, and aspargal. Ḥavush (Aram. ḥavusha) is mentioned as being given to the sick (Tosef., Ter. 7:13). It is an aromatic fruit and is enumerated together with the etrog among the fruits over whose fragrance a blessing should be recited (Ber. 43b). The name parish is found in a discussion as to the permissibility, in time of emergency, of substituting some other large and beautiful fruit for the etrog in order to fulfill the precept of the Four Species, and it was decided in the negative (Tosef. Suk. 2:9, 31a–b). According to the Jerusalem Talmud (Kil. 1:3, 27a), it was so called because it is the only fruit reserved (parush) for the pot, i.e., it is inedible in its raw state and must be cooked. The same passage notes that its Aramaic name is aspargal which is the Arabic name for the quince. The Mishnah lays down that the quince belongs to the same species as the hawthorn (uzrar). Apparently the ancients took the latter to be a degenerate quince. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 3 (1924), 240ff.; J. Feliks, Kilei Zera'im ve-Harkavah (1967), 93–96. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 128. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • quince — (Del lat. quindĕcim). 1. adj. Diez y cinco. 2. decimoquinto. Número quince. [m6]Año quince. Apl. a los días del mes, u. t. c. s. [m6]El quince de enero. 3. m. Conjunto de signos o cifras con que se representa el número quince. 4. Juego d …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Quince — (kw[i^]ns), n. [Prob. a pl. from OE. quyne, coin, OF. coin, cooin, F. coing, from L. Cydonius a quince tree, as adj., Cydonian, Gr. ? Cydonian, ? ? a quince, fr. ? Cydonia, a city in Crete, ? the Cydonians. Cf. {Quiddany}.] 1. The fruit of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • quince — adjetivo,pronombre numeral cardinal,sustantivo masculino 1. Cantidad que representa la cifra 15: Repitió lo mismo quince veces. adjetivo numeral ordinal,sustantivo masculino y femenino 1. Decimoquinto: el capítulo quince, el quince de agosto.… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • quince — [kwıns] n [U and C] [Date: 1300 1400; Origin: Plural of coyn, quyn quince (14 16 centuries), from Old French coin, from Latin cotoneum, cydoneum (malum) Cydonian (apple) , from Greek Kydonia Cydonia , ancient city in Crete] a hard yellow fruit… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • quince — (n.) early 14c., plural of quoyn, from O.Fr. cooin, from L. cotoneum malum quince fruit, probably a variant of cydonium malum, from Gk. kydonion malon apple of Kydonia (modern Khania), ancient seaport city in Crete. The plant is native to Persia …   Etymology dictionary

  • Quince et le va — Quince et le va, s. u. Pharao, S. 36 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • quince — [ kwıns ] noun count or uncount a hard round fruit that looks like a yellow apple and can be eaten only when it is cooked. It is usually used for making jelly …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • quince — ► NOUN ▪ the hard, acid, pear shaped fruit of an Asian shrub or small tree, used in preserves or as flavouring. ORIGIN Old French cooin, from Latin malum cydonium apple of Cydonia (= Chania, in Crete) …   English terms dictionary

  • quince — [kwins] n. [ME qwince, orig. pl. of quyn < OFr cooin < VL * cotoneum, for L cydonium < Gr kydōnion (mēlon), Cydonian (apple) < Kydōnia, Cydonia, town on N coast of Crete] 1. a golden or greenish yellow, hard, apple shaped fruit of a… …   English World dictionary

  • Quince — Not to be confused with quints. For other uses, see Quince (disambiguation). Quince Cydonia oblonga flowers Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

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